Title: Red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
Author: Shackelford, Clifford E.; Brown, Raymond E.; Conner, Richard N.;
Source: In: Poole, A.; Gill, F., eds. The Birds of North America, No. 500. Philadelphia, PA: The Birds of North America, Inc. 24 p.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: This familiar, eastern U.S. woodpecker is an active and vocal species, with a preference for humid forests dominated by pines or hardwoods, or a mixture of both. It seldom excavates wood for insects; instead, depending on season, it forages opportunistically for a wide range of fruit, mast, seeds and arboreal arthropods. It is also known to take small or young vertebrate prey as well. The Red-bellied Woodpecker has expanded its range northward and westward in the latter half of the twentieth century. Most populations are resident year-round, although northern birds show some seasonal movement by retreating south during cold winters.
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Shackelford, Clifford E.; Brown, Raymond E.; Conner, Richard N. 2000. Red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus. In: Poole, A.; Gill, F., eds. The Birds of North America, No. 500. Philadelphia, PA: The Birds of North America, Inc. 24 p.
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