Title: Differences in SCUBA diver motivations based on level of development
Author: Todd, Sharon L.; Graefe, Alan R.; Mann, Walter;
Source: In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 107-114.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: This study examined SCUBA divers' level of development in relationship to their motivations to dive. During the fall of 1999,869 divers ranging from beginners to post-experts were surveyed (37% response rate). Respondents ranked 24 motives on a 5-point importance scale. When the data were reduced using factor analysis to tease out major themes, six factors (explaining 60 percent of the variance) emerged: adventure, learn, escape, social interaction, stature, and personal challenge. When mean scores were compared among levels of development using one-way analysis of variance, all six factors differed significantly (p<.05). However, when individual motives were compared, not every motive within each factor - in fact, only 17 of 24 items - differed by level of development. The results of this study verified that divers with higher levels of development are motivated to pursue the activity for different reasons, but not always as expected. Adventure and learning followed the predicted curvilinear pattern of increasing importance from beginners to experts and decreasing for post-experts. Social interaction displayed the predicted mirror image of that curve. Unexpectedly, personal challenge decreased and stature and escape increased with development.
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Todd, Sharon L.; Graefe, Alan R.; Mann, Walter 2002. Differences in SCUBA diver motivations based on level of development. In: Todd, Sharon, comp., ed. 2002. Proceedings of the 2001 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-289. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 107-114.
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