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Title: Reducing borer damage in oak regeneration and sawtimber
Author: Galford, Jimmy R.;
Source: In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.09
Publication Series: Other
Description: Borers cause millions of dollars in damaged wood annually to oak stands, and adversely affect the form and vigor of oak regeneration. A moth and four species of beetles cause most of the damage; the carpenterworm moth, the oak timberworm, the red oak borer, the living-beech borer, and the white oak borer. The larvae of these insects chew holes in the wood ranging from shotholes made by the oak timberworm to holes as large as 20 mm in diameter made by the carpenterworm. The life histories of these insects are complex and can be found in the literature.
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Galford, Jimmy R. 1989. Reducing borer damage in oak regeneration and sawtimber. In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.09
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