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Title: Grazing in central hardwood forests
Author: McQuilkin, Robert A.; Scholten, Harold;
Source: In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.14
Publication Series: Other
Description: Woodland grazing is a major forestry and land management problem in parts of the central hardwood region. Most forest grazing is by cattle and, to a lesser extent, hogs in woodlands adjacent to pastures or feedlots. The practice is particularly common in the cattle producing areas of the Corn Belt where often 50 percent or more of the upland forest is grazed. Woodland grazing has minor benefits for livestock but exposes them to poisonous plants, and causes extensive and long-lasting damage to the forest. Livestock benefits are primarily shade, forage, and protection from wind in winter, while the damages to the forest are numerous. For additional information, see Note 11.04 Grazing Effects on Soil and Water.
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McQuilkin, Robert A.; Scholten, Harold 1989. Grazing in central hardwood forests. In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Central hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.14
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