Title: Making wildlife openings
Author: Tubbs, Carl H.; Verme, Louis J.; Godman, Richard M.;
Source: In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Northern hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.01
Publication Series: Other
Description: Most wildlife doesn?t prosper in our dense second-growth pole stands. Game animals and birds in particular need openings where various grasses, shrubs, and herbs will flourish away from the dense shade of northern hardwood trees. Here animals, such as deer, bear, and snowshoe rabbit, find the food they need, especially in spring and fall. And birds, such as the ruffed grouse and woodcock, use the openings for nesting and brood rearing.
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Tubbs, Carl H.; Verme, Louis J.; Godman, Richard M. 1992. Making wildlife openings. In: Hutchinson, Jay G., ed. Northern hardwood notes. St. Paul, MN.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 8.01
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