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Title: History, Uses, and Effects of Fire in the Appalachians
Author: van Lear, David H.; Waldrop, Thomas A.;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-54. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 20 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: History of Fire in the Southern Appalachians Ecological and meteorological evidence suggests that lightning-caused fires were a major environmental force shaping the vegetation of the Southeastern United States for millions of years before Indians arrived in America. Lightning served as a mutagenic agent and as a factor in natural selection which forced species to adapt or perish. Before man, fires caused by lightning created and maintained the pine-grasslands of the Southeast, as well as influenced the broad, adjacent ecotones which included hard-wood vegetation (Komarek 1965, 1974).
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van Lear, David H.; Waldrop, Thomas A. 1989. History, Uses, and Effects of Fire in the Appalachians. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-54. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 20 p.
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