Title: Using kepone to exemplify the importance of natural variability in estimating exposure to toxic chemicals from aquatic environments
Author: Huggett, Robert J.;
Source: In: Proceedings of a Conference on Sustainability of Wetlands and Water Resources, May 23-25, Oxford, Mississippi, eds. Holland, Marjorie M.; Warren, Melvin L.; Stanturf, John A., p. 112-115
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Kepone, decachlorooctahydro-l, 3, 4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta (cd) pentalen-2-one, is a known mammalian carcinogen. From at least 1967 to 1975 when production stopped, it contaminated the Chesapeake Bay. Action levels for kepone in seafood were established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and various species of finfish, oysters, Crassostrea virginica, and crabs, Callinectes sapidus, often were found to exceed those levels. Detailed sampling and analyses of biota showed that interspecies variability in concentrations often exceeded an order of magnitude. Further examination of the data showed that much of the variability could be explained by factors such as sex, spawning cycle, and migratory patterns. Estimates of human exposure to kepone-contaminated seafood, and, hence, estimates of risk from consuming it, were quite inaccurate unless natural variability was considered. On the positive side, an understanding of the factors controlling natural variability provided alternative risk-management options to minimize risk by decreasing exposure without totally prohibiting harvest or consumption of the resource.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Huggett, Robert J. 2000. Using kepone to exemplify the importance of natural variability in estimating exposure to toxic chemicals from aquatic environments. In: Proceedings of a Conference on Sustainability of Wetlands and Water Resources, May 23-25, Oxford, Mississippi, eds. Holland, Marjorie M.; Warren, Melvin L.; Stanturf, John A., p. 112-115
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility