Title: Beginnings of range management: an anthology of the Sampson-Ellison photo plots (1913 to 2003) and a short history of the Great Basin Experiment Station
Author: Prevedel, David A.; McArthur, E. Durant; Johnson, Curtis M.;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-154. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 60 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: High-elevation watersheds on the Wasatch Plateau in central Utah were severely overgrazed in the late 1800s, resulting in catastrophic flooding and mudflows through adjacent communities. Affected citizens petitioned the Federal government to establish a Forest Reserve (1902), and the Manti National Forest was established by the Transfer Act of 1905. The Great Basin Station, a forerunner of the Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, was created in 1911 within this area to study the influence of rangeland vegetation on erosion and floods.
This publication contains a collection of 12 recurring sets of photographs that started in 1913 on these depleted high-elevation rangelands. The sites were rephotographed in the 1940s, 1972, 1990, and 2003. It is also a tribute to two men who pioneered the science of range management-Arthur W. Sampson and Lincoln Ellison. As Directors of the Experiment Station, they initiated and maintained the early photo sites and study plots. It was with these photograph records and study plots that many of the interpretations and guidelines for the management of high-elevation watersheds were developed.
After 90 years, plant community changes on these high-elevation watersheds has led to a vegetation composition significantly different than the original condition. New plant communities have reached thresholds where yearly vegetative composition appears to be climate driven. Many of the higher elevation areas remain in unsatisfactory watershed health with active erosion.
Keywords: rangeland photos, repeat photography, secondary succession, watershed health, high elevation watersheds, tall forb, Great Basin Experiment Station, Arthur Sampson, Lincoln Ellison
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Prevedel, David A.; McArthur, E. Durant; Johnson, Curtis M. 2005. Beginnings of range management: an anthology of the Sampson-Ellison photo plots (1913 to 2003) and a short history of the Great Basin Experiment Station. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-154. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 60 p.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility