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Title: Microbial biomass and bacterial functional diversity in forest soils: effects of organic matter removal, compaction, and vegetation control

Author: Li, Qingchao; Allen, H. Lee; Wollum, Arthur G. II;

Date: 2004

Source: Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36 (2004) 571-579

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: The effects of organic matter removal, soil compaction, and vegetation control on soil microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen, C-to-N ratio, and functional diversity were examined in a 6-year loblolly pine plantation on a Coastal Plain site in eastern North Carolina, USA. This experimental plantation was established as part of the US Forest Service's Long Term Soil Productivity Study. Sampling was undertaken on eight treatments within each of three blocks. Treatments sampled included main 2 X 2 factorial treatments of organic matter removal (stemonly or complete tree plus forest floor) and compaction (none or severe) with split-plot treatment of vegetation control (none or total vegetation control). Two blocks were located on a somewhat poorly drained, tine-loamy, siliceous, thermic aeric Paleaquult (Lynchburg soil) and one on a moderately well drained, tine-loamy, siliceous, thermic aquic Paleudult (Goldsboro soil). Soil microbial C and N were positively related with soil C and N, respectively. Microbial C and N on the Lynchburg soil were higher than those on the Goldsboro soil. Organic matter removal decreased microbial N. Compaction reduced microbial C-to-N ratio. Vegetation control decreased microbial C and C-to-N ratio. The number of C compounds utilized by bacteria was not affected by soil type or treatment. However, soil types and treatments changed bacterial selections for a few C compounds on BIOLOG plates. Soil microbial properties varied more due to the natural soil differences (soil type) as compared with treatment-induced differences.

Keywords: Microbial biomass, bacterial diversity, carbon, nitrogen, odds ration, detrended correspondence analysis, loblolly pine, BIOLOG, forest soils, compaction, organic matter removal

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Li, Qingchao; Allen, H. Lee; Wollum, Arthur G., II 2004. Microbial biomass and bacterial functional diversity in forest soils: effects of organic matter removal, compaction, and vegetation control. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36 (2004) 571-579


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