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Title: Improvement of cadmium ion removal by base treatment of juniper fiber

Author: Min, S.H.; Han, J.S.; Shin, E.W.; Park, J.K.;

Date: 2004

Source: Water research. Vol. 38 (2004): pages 1289-1295.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Juniper is a small-diameter underutilized lignocellulosic material. We evaluated the efficacy of base-treated juniper fiber (BTJF) for cadmium (Cd2+) sorption and the viability of juniper fiber as a sorbent for removing Cd2+ from water. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis indicated that carboxylate ion is a major functional group responsible for Cd2+ sorption. The apparent ideal sodium hydroxide concentration for base treatment is approximately 0.5 M. A batch sorption isotherm test showed that equilibrium sorption data were better represented by the Langmuir model than the Freundlich model. After base treatment, the maximum Cd2+ sorption loading, Qmax; was greatly improved (9.18?29.54 mg/g), despite a decrease in specific surface area. A pseudo-second-order kinetic model fitted well for the sorption of Cd2+ onto BTJF. Initial metal ion concentration and treatment alkalinity were found to be major parameters influencing the kinetics of the sorption reaction. As a result of its strong ability to bind cadmium and its faster kinetics in low concentration, BTJF could be an inexpensive and efficient sorbent for removing heavy metals from stormwater runoff.

Keywords: Cadmium, juniper, saponification, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, isotherm, kinetics

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Min, S.H.; Han, J.S.; Shin, E.W.; Park, J.K. 2004. Improvement of cadmium ion removal by base treatment of juniper fiber. Water research. Vol. 38 (2004): pages 1289-1295.


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