Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (114 KB bytes)

Title: Flammability tests for regulation of building and construction materials

Author: Sumathipala, K.;

Date: 2006

Source: Flammability testing of materials used in construction, transport and mining. Cambridge, England : Woodhead Publishing ; Boca Raton : CRC Press, c2006. Woodhead Publishing in materials: pages [217]-230

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: The regulation of building materials and products for flammability is critical to ensure the safety of occupants in buildings and other structures. The involvement of exposed building materials and products in fires resulting in the loss of human life often spurs an increase in regulation and new test methods to address the problem. Flammability tests range from those in which the sample is ground to a powder prior to testing to the full-scale room comer test. Variations in test methods include the specific measurement of flammability parameters being considered, the intensity and characteristics of the fire exposure, the relative scale of the test specimen, and many other factors. As a result of specific details such as specimen orientation and fire exposure intensity, some existing regulatory test methods have been shown not to classify a type of building material or product in a manner consistent with full-scale tests that simulated actual conditions. Such failures have resulted in the development of alternative test methods for specific applications or products. As a result there is a wide range of tests used to classify building materials and products for flammability or reaction to fire. Unfortunately, the results of flame-spread tests are often characteristics of the test procedure (Clark, 1981). In a 1970s comparison of international test methods for flammability, the ranking of materials by the different regulatory methods was little better than a random number generator (Emmons, 1974; Karlsson et al., 2002). To achieve harmonization within the European Union, it became necessary to develop a new test -the Single Burning Item test. The scope of this chapter is limited to those flammability test standards that are relevant to the regulation of building materials and products. As such, it is only a subset of the many fire tests that have been used or are being used to evaluate building materials (Tewarson et al., 2004; Eickner, 1977). This chapter focuses on the compliance criteria used in the regulatory classifications of building materials for flammability. More details on many of the applicable test methods can be found in other chapters of the book.

Keywords: Building materials, flammability, fire testing, wood, standards, thermal properties, combustion, flame spread

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Sumathipala, K. 2006. Flammability tests for regulation of building and construction materials. Flammability testing of materials used in construction, transport and mining. Cambridge, England : Woodhead Publishing ; Boca Raton : CRC Press, c2006. Woodhead Publishing in materials: pages [217]-230

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.