Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (71 KB bytes)

Title: Mortality of trees in loblolly pine plantations

Author: Zeide, Boris; Zhang, Yujia;

Date: 2006

Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 305-309

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: The annual probability of mortality for planted loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) trees was estimated using a set of permanent plots covering the entire native range of the species. The recorded causes of death were infestation by the southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann) and other insects, lightning, and unknown reasons. It was found that mortality from these causes does not change with age of trees, which allowed us to calculate an overall mean annual mortality probability for each density-independent factor. Two sets of these estimates are provided: one for all plots and another for the plots that in the past were affected by a given factor. A model was constructed to analytically separate densitydependent from density-independent factors of mortality recorded as "other causes." The average annual probabilities of mortality are 0.8 percent and 0.6 percent for density-independent and density-dependent causes, respectively. Our analysis also covers the events that wipe out entire plots such as flood, fire, and catastrophic insect infestation. This neglected kind of mortality, referred to as indiscriminate, eliminates four times as many trees as density-dependent mortality and three times as many as density-independent mortality.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)



Zeide, Boris; Zhang, Yujia 2006. Mortality of trees in loblolly pine plantations. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-92. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. pp. 305-309


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.