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Title: Microbial populations and activities in the rhizoplane of rock-weathering desert plants. II. growth promotion of cactus seedlings.

Author: Puente, M.E.; Li, C.Y.; Bashan, Y.;

Date: 2004

Source: Plant Biology. 6: 643-650

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Four bacterial species isolated from the rhizoplane of cacti growing in bare lava rocks were assessed for growth promotion of giant cardon cactus seedlings (Pachycereus pringlei). These bacteria fixed N2, dissolved P, weathered extrusive igneous rock, marble, and limestone, and significantly mobilized useful minerals, such as P, K, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in rock minerals. Cardon cactus seeds inoculated with these bacteria were able to sprout and grow normally without added nutrients for at least 12 months in pulverized extrusive igneous rock (ancient lava flows) mixed with perlite. Cacti that were not inoculated grew less vigorously and some died. The amount of useful minerals (P, K, Fe, Mg) for plant growth extracted from the pulverized lava, measured after cultivation of inoculated plants, was significant. This study shows that rhizoplane bacteria isolated from rock-growing cacti promote growth of a cactus species, and can help supply essential minerals for a prolonged period of time.

Keywords: Azospirillum, Bacillus, cactus, cardon, Citrobacter, desert, N2-fixation, Pachycereus, phosphate solubilization, Pseudomonas, rock degradation, rock weathering, soil formation

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Puente, M.E.; Li, C.Y.; Bashan, Y. 2004. Microbial populations and activities in the rhizoplane of rock-weathering desert plants. II. growth promotion of cactus seedlings. Plant Biology. 6: 643-650


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