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Title: A framework linkage map of perennial ryegrass based on SSR markers

Author: Gill, G.P.; Wilcox, P.L.; Whittaker, D.J.; Winz, R.A.; Bickerstaff, P.; Echt, Craig E.; Kent, J.; Humphreys, M.O.; Elborough, K.M.; Gardner, R.C.;

Date: 2006

Source: Genome, Vol. 49: 354-364

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: A moderate-density linkage map for Lolium perenne L. has been constructed based on 376 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Approximately one third ( 124) of the SSR markers were developed from GeneThresher libraries that preferentially select genomic DNA clones from the gene-rich unmethylated portion of the genome. The remaining SSR marker loci were generated from either SSR-enriched genomic libraries (247) or ESTs ( 5 ) . Forty-five percent of the GeneThresher SSRs were associated with an expressed gene. Unlike EST-derived SSR markers. GeneThresher SSRs were often associated with genes expressed at a low level, such as transcription factors. The map constructed here fulfills 2 definitions of a "framework map". Firstly, it is composed of codominant markers to ensure map transferability either within or among species. Secondly, it was constructed to achieve a level of statistical confidence in the support-for-order of marker loci. The map consists of 81 framework SSR markers spread over 7 linkage groups, the same as the haploid chromosome number. Most of the remaining 295 SSR markers have been placed into their most likely interval on the framework map. Nine RFLP markers and 1 SSR marker from another map constructed using the same pedigree were also incorporated to extend genome coverage at the terminal ends of 5 linkage groups. The final map provides a robust framework with which to conduct investigations into the genetic architecture of trait variation in this commercially important grass species.

Keywords: Framework map, perennial ryegrass, SSR, simple sequence repeat, GeneThresher, Lolium perenne

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Gill, G.P.; Wilcox, P.L.; Whittaker, D.J.; Winz, R.A.; Bickerstaff, P.; Echt, Craig E.; Kent, J.; Humphreys, M.O.; Elborough, K.M.; Gardner, R.C. 2006. A framework linkage map of perennial ryegrass based on SSR markers. Genome, Vol. 49: 354-364

 


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