Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (143 KB bytes)

Title: Dynamic programming for optimization of timber production and grazing in ponderosa pine

Author: Riitters, Kurt H.; Brodie, J. Douglas; Hann, David W.;

Date: 1982

Source: Forest Sci., Vol. 28(3): 517-526

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Dynamic programming procedures are presented for optimizing thinning and rotation of even-aged ponderosa pine by using the four descriptors: age, basal area, number of trees, and time since thinning. Because both timber yield and grazing yield are functions of stand density, the two outputs-forage and timber-can both be optimized. The soil expectation values for single and joint production are derived and compared, and the impact of dynamic changes in relative price of the two products over the rotation is shown. Depending on relative prices and discount rate, the maximum soil expectations will be provided by timber alone, grazing alone, or an optimal schedule of joint production. Impacts of relative costs and values of the two outputs on management are discusses.

Keywords: Pinus ponderosa, multiple products, forest-range management, thinning, resource economics, operations research

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)



Riitters, Kurt H.; Brodie, J. Douglas; Hann, David W. 1982. Dynamic programming for optimization of timber production and grazing in ponderosa pine. Forest Sci., Vol. 28(3): 517-526


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.