You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Use of water by eastern hemlock: implications for systemic insecticide application
Author: Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Daley, Michael; Phillips, Nathan;
Source: Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 33(6): 421-427
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: The hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA, Adelges tsugae Annand) is causing widespread decline and mortality of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.) throughout most of the range of eastern hemlock. Stem injection of insecticide is widely used as a chemical control measure, but the effectiveness of this method depends on the hydraulic characteristics of individual trees. We present data quantifying the distribution of water flux within the stems and the seasonal variability of daily water use of eastern hemlock trees growing in New England, U.S. and the southern Appalachians. We provide simple mathematical and graphical models derived from these data that can be used by landowners, natural resource managers, and tree care specialists to estimate the amount and timing of water use by eastern hemlock based on tree size and climatic conditions. We anticipate that the data and models presented will be useful in improving the effectiveness and efficiency of systemic insecticide applications.
Keywords: Adelges tsugae, hemlock, imidacloprid, insecticide, systemic, transpiration, Tsuga spp., water use
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Ford, Chelcy R.; Vose, James M.; Daley, Michael; Phillips, Nathan 2007. Use of water by eastern hemlock: implications for systemic insecticide application. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 33(6): 421-427
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility