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Title: Wood density and anatomical properties in suppressed-growth trees : comparison of two methods

Author: Vahey, David W.; Zhu, J. Y.; Scott, C. Tim;

Date: 2007

Source: Wood and fiber science. Vol. 39, no. 3 (2007): pages 462-471.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Interest in the commercial value of small-diameter timber has led to testing core samples with SilviScan to characterize density and transverse fiber dimensions. Data showed that latewood density and tracheid diameter in suppressed-growth material can vary spatially on a scale comparable to the 50-_m resolution of the instrument used in our testing. An optical imaging method called Ring Profiler was developed to determine what effect SilviScan’s resolution had on the measurements. A single suppressed-growth specimen of Douglas-fir was used to develop the method. Ring Profiler measurements of the specimen showed that SilviScan overestimated latewood tracheid radial diameters by 59% in growth rings averaging 200-_m width. In those same growth rings, SilviScan latewood density was found to be 19% too low. In all growth rings measured by Ring Profiler, latewood wall thicknesses were anisotropic. Radial and tangential values averaged 13% less than the isotropic wall thickness calculated from SilviScan data. Ring Profiler density measurement from binarized images of wood cross-sections was found to correlate well with SilviScan X-ray density (r-squared _ 0.907); however, better images and an objective method for thresholding are needed for accuracy over a large sample space. With these improvements and automated scanning of samples, Ring Profiler could be an attractive, inexpensive complement to SilviScan.

Keywords: SilviScan, tracheid, density, diameter, wall thickness, anisotropy, image analysis, resolution, suppressed growth, small diameter, thinnings, pulp, pulping, Douglas fir, wood anatomy, wood density, stand density, pulpwood, ring profiler, small timbers, utilization, smallwood, small-diameter timber, thinnings

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Vahey, David W.; Zhu, J. Y.; Scott, C. Tim 2007. Wood density and anatomical properties in suppressed-growth trees : comparison of two methods. Wood and fiber science. Vol. 39, no. 3 (2007): pages 462-471.


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