Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (176 KB bytes)

Title: Bugs' bugs

Author: Berenbaum, May R.; Eisner, Thomas;

Date: 2008

Source: Science, Vol. 322: 52-53

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Although scientific progress leads to constant reevaluation and revision of concepts and ideas, one observation that has remained robust in the face of accumulating evidence across the centuries is that there are a lot of insects in the world. In 1758, in his profoundly influential book Systema Naturae, Carolus Linnaeus (1) described all animal species known at the time; of the 4203 species of animals he named, 2102—more than half—were insects. Linnaeus also provided a flexible binomial framework for naming and classifying organisms; species descriptions of all kinds have accumulated apace, but since Linnaeus began this effort they have accumulated fastest for insects. Between 1758 and 1800, close to 60,000 insect species were described; from 1800 to 1850, about 360,000 additional species were identified. Today, about 950,000 species of insects have been described.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)



Berenbaum, May R.; Eisner, Thomas 2008. Bugs'' bugs. Science, Vol. 322: 52-53


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.