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Publication Information

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Title: Comparison of the effects of gamma irradiation and steam sterilization on Southern pine sapwood

Author: Curling, Simon; Winandy, Jerrold E.;

Date: 2008

Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 58, nos. 1/2 (Jan./Feb. 2008): Pages 87-90.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Gamma irradiation is a commonly used method of sterilization of wood specimens prior to decay testing. As part of a larger series of studies, an investigation was made into the effects of gamma irradiation on flexural bending strength properties and its corresponding relationship to changes in lignin and hemicellulosic contents of wood after exposure to various dose rates and total dosage. Effects of irradiation were compared with effects of a steam sterilization method. Flexural strength was reduced in response to a long exposure to radiation. Klason lignin and galactan contents were also reduced by a high total dose. The other carbohydrate components of wood showed no discernable differences under the range of irradiation exposures used. The dose rate used to achieve the critical total dosage of gamma radiation required for sterilization of wood intended for laboratory decay testing was found to differentially affect both bending strength and some chemical components in irradiated pine.

Keywords: Gamma rays, hemicellulose, lignin, flexure, Southern pines, wood deterioration, sapwood, steam, pest control, heat treatment, wood products, sterilization, sterilization, wood chemistry, irradiation, mechanical properties, strength, sapwood, chemical analysis, bending strength, durability, resistance to decay, decay, heat sterilization

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Curling, Simon; Winandy, Jerrold E. 2008. Comparison of the effects of gamma irradiation and steam sterilization on Southern pine sapwood. Forest products journal. Vol. 58, nos. 1/2 (Jan./Feb. 2008): Pages 87-90.

 


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