Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (124 KB bytes)

Title: Enhancing paper strength by optimizing defect configuration

Author: Considine, J.M.; Skye, W.; Chen, W.; Matthys, D.; Vahey, David W.; Turner, K.; Rowlands, R.;

Date: 2009

Source: Proceedings of the 2009 SEM Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics [electronic resource] : June 1-4, 2009, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Bethel, CT : Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc., c2009: [8] pages.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Poor formation in paper, as denoted by large local variation of mass, tends to reduce maximum tensile strength but has not been well characterized. The effect of grammage variation on tensile strength was studied by introducing carefully placed holes in tensile specimens made of three different paper materials. Previous researchers demonstrated that the point-stress criterion (PSC) accurately predicts failure for paper specimens containing a single hole. Results of comparing the PSC for multiple holes in paper indicated the PSC provided a conservative strength estimate for specimens with multiple holes.

Keywords: Finite element method, holes, fibers, mechanical properties, paper, mechanical properties, testing, deformations, tensile strength, strains, stresses, fiber properties, strength, papermaking

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Considine, J.; Skye, W.; Chen, W.; Matthys, D.; Vahey, D.; Turner, K.; Rowlands, R. 2009. Enhancing paper strength by optimizing defect configuration. In: Proceedings of SEM annual conference and exposition on experimental and applied mechanics. 2009 June 1-4; Albuquerque, NM: Bethel, CT: Society for Experimental Mechanics ( Paper no. 237. 8 p.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.