Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (2.6 MB)

Title: The pine-oak rusts: How forest tree species connect

Author: Vogler, D. R.;

Date: 2008

Source: International Oak Journal, 19: 67-76

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The pine-oak rust fungi, which live out their lives as pathogens on pines and oaks, have multiple spore states and complex life cycles. Because they can be severe pathogens of pines, much of what we know about them depends on how damaging they are to management of pine forests for timber, recreation, and ecosystem values. Widely distributed in North America, they are often difficult to identify on their oak hosts, and thus the distributions and frequencies of many  species are not well known, especially in urban and rural forest settings. Although they are usually minor pathogens on oaks, changing climates could alter that relationship.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Vogler, D. R. 2008. The pine-oak rusts: How forest tree species connect. International Oak Journal, 19: 67-76


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.