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Publication Information

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Title: Forest Plantations

Author: Zhang, D.; Stanturf, J.A.;

Date: 2008

Source: Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols. pp. 1673-1680.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description:

Between the extremes of afforestation and unaided natural

regeneration of natural forests, there is a range of

forest conditions in which human intervention occurs.

Previously, forest plantations were defined as those

forest stands established by planting and/or seeding in

the process of afforestation or reforestation. Within plantations,

there is a gradient in conditions. At one extreme

is the traditional forest plantation concept of a single

introduced or indigenous species, planted at uniform

density and managed as a single age class (the so-called

monoculture). At the other extreme is the planted or

seeded mixture of native species, managed for nonconsumptive

uses such as biodiversity enhancement. To

further complicate matters, many forests established as

plantations come to be regarded as secondary or seminatural

forests and no longer are classed as plantations. For

example, European forests have long traditions of human

intervention in site preparation, tree establishment, silviculture,

and protection; yet they are not always defined as

forest plantations.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

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Citation:


Zhang, D.; Stanturf, J.A. 2008. Forest Plantations. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Editors-in-Chief), Ecosystems. Vol. [2] of Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols. pp. 1673-1680. Oxford: Elsevier.

 


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