Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.0 MB byte)

Title: Operation and cost of a small dehumidification dry kiln

Author: Bergman, Richard D. PhD;

Date: 2008

Source: Research Note FPL-RN-0310. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 20 pages

Publication Series: Research Note (RN)

Description: Obtaining small quantities of custom kiln-dried lumber can be an expensive process for an individual woodworker. Building and operating a small kiln capable of drying custom cuts of lumber (such as slabs, bowl blanks) gives woodworkers another option. Our approach was to build and operate a small dehumidification dry kiln. The four charges of lumber ranged from 600 to 700 board feet (bf), and a woodworker with no dry-kiln experience operated the kiln. The first charge of mixed air-dried 4/4 hardwoods and softwoods was kiln-dried from 18.4% to 7.3% moisture content (MC) in 15 days with no casehardening. The second charge of 5/4 black cherry lumber was kiln-dried from 47.5% to 6.8% MC in 27 days with no casehardening, and the third charge of 4/4 northern red oak lumber was kiln-dried from 82.9% to 6.1% MC in 45 days and to 5.2% MC in 50 days with severe casehardening relieved by conditioning. A fourth charge of 300 bf 4/4 northern red oak, 200 bf of 4/4 shagbark hickory, and 100 bf of mixed 4/4 box elder and 4/4 black cherry was kiln-dried from 69.7% to 8.5% MC in 29 days with casehardening only in the northern red oak, and that was relieved by conditioning. We found that greater control of the dehumidifier operation earlier in the kiln schedule to maintain the safe drying rate would decrease the severity of casehardening when drying green northern red oak. New building materials, which are most of the initial cost, could be replaced by reused lumber. Drying small amounts of lumber using a dehumidification kiln is a suitable option for woodworkers even with limited knowledge of kilns.

Keywords: Dehumidification, dry kiln, small, MATC, drying, operation, DH, cost, kilns

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Bergman, Richard D. 2008. Operation and cost of a small dehumidification dry kiln. Research Note FPL-RN-0310. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 20 pages

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.