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Title: Norm stability at Alcatraz Island: Effects of time and changing conditions
Author: Valliere, William; Manning, Robert.;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 152-156.
Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
Description: Research suggests that visitors often have norms about the resource and social conditions acceptable in a park and that understanding such norms can be useful for park management. Most studies of norms use data from cross-sectional surveys, and little is known about how norms may change over time. To explore this issue, we conducted a study in 2007 to determine whether norms for the number of people-at-one-time in the prison cellhouse at Alcatraz Island, California, had changed since a similar survey in 1998. We conducted an on-site, self-administered visitor survey using a questionnaire identical to the one used in 1998 and similar sampling procedures. The survey produced 453 usable questionnaires and yielded a response rate of 83 percent. Th ere were few substantive differences in findings between the two studies. The findings are generally consistent with results from other research.
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Valliere, William; Manning, Robert. 2010. Norm stability at Alcatraz Island: Effects of time and changing conditions. In: Watts, Clifton E., Jr.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2009 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-66. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 152-156.
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