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Title: Reproduction of upland hardwood forests in the central states
Author: Sander, Ivan L.; Clark, F. Bryan.;
Source: Agric. Handb. 405. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 25 p.
Publication Series: Agricultural Handbook
Description: This handbook summarizes data from studies of central hardwood reproduction after harvest cuttings ranging from single-tree selection cutting to complete clearcutting. Regardless of how the stands were cut, natural reproduction was always adequate to produce acceptable new stands; but the heavier cuttings favored intolerant species and faster growth of all species. Reproduction present after harvest cutting consisted of varying proportions of new seedlings, advance reproduction, new sprouts from advance reproduction, and stump sprouts.
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Sander, Ivan L.; Clark, F. Bryan. 1971. Reproduction of upland hardwood forests in the central states. Agric. Handb. 405. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 25 p.
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