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Title: Phylogenetic and ecological analyses of soil and sporocarp DNA sequences reveal high diversity and strong habitat partitioning in the boreal ectomycorrhizal genus Russula (Russulales; Basidiomycota)

Author: Geml, József; Laursen, Gary A.; Herriott, Ian C.; McFarland, Jack M.; Booth, Michael G.; Lennon, Niall; Nusbaum, H. Chad; Taylor, D. Lee;

Date: 2010

Source: New Phytologist. 187: 494-507

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Although critical for the functioning of ecosystems, fungi are poorly known in high-latitude regions. Here, we provide the first genetic diversity assessment of one of the most diverse and abundant ectomycorrhizal genera in Alaska: Russula. We analyzed internal transcribed spacer rDNA sequences from sporocarps and soil samples using phylogenetic methods, operational taxonomic unit (OTU) delimitations and ordinations to compare species composition in various types of boreal forest. Our results show that the vast majority of Russula species are present in the soil samples, although some additional taxa are expected to be found with extended sampling. OTU diversity in black spruce forests was only one-third of the diversity observed in mixed upland forests. Our findings suggest that some of the diversity is niche based, especially along host and successional axes, because most OTUs predictably occurred in specific habitats, regardless of geographical location.

Keywords: Alaska, biodiversity, fungi, internal transcribed spacer region, phylogenetic diversity, Russula

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Geml, József; Laursen, Gary A.; Herriott, Ian C.; McFarland, Jack M.; Booth, Michael G.; Lennon, Niall; Nusbaum, H. Chad; Taylor, D. Lee. 2010. Phylogenetic and ecological analyses of soil and sporocarp DNA sequences reveal high diversity and strong habitat partitioning in the boreal ectomycorrhizal genus Russula (Russulales; Basidiomycota). New Phytologist. 187: 494-507.

 


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