Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (844 KB)

Title: Woody biomass from short rotation energy crops

Author: Zalesny, R.S. Jr.; Cunningham, M.W.; Hall, R.B.; Mirck, J.; Rockwood, D.L.; Stanturf, John; Volk, T.A.;

Date: 2011

Source: American Chemical Society: Washington, DC; pp. 27-63.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) are ideal for woody biomass production and management systems because they are renewable energy feedstocks for biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts that can be strategically placed in the landscape to conserve soil and water, recycle nutrients, and sequester carbon. This chapter is a synthesis of the regional implications of producing four genera of short rotation energy crops as feedstocks for fuels, chemicals, and fibers set in the rich history of research and development of these purpose-grown trees in the United States. The four genera include: Populus (cottonwoods, poplars, aspens), Salix (willows), Pinus (southern pines), and Eucalyptus (eucalypts). Key aspects of the production systems are discussed, including tree biology, genetics and tree improvement, and silvicultural management. The availability of short rotation woody biomass is evaluated on the basis of maintaining sustainability at multiple scales. Current efforts to maximize production are described. Overall, sustainable production of fuels, chemicals, and fibers from woody biomass depends on a combination of feedstocks from both forests and plantations; the importance of dedicated SRWC feedstock production systems is highlighted.

Keywords: cottonwood, ecosystem services, energy security, eucalypts, hybrid aspen, intensive forestry, poplar, southern pine, sustainability, willow, woody feedstocks

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Zalesny Jr., R.S.; Cunningham, M.W.; Hall, R.B.; Mirck, J.; Rockwood, D.L.; Stanturf, J.A.; Volk, T.A. 2011. Woody biomass from short rotation energy crops. In Junyong (J. Y.) Zhu, Xiao Zhang, and Xuejun (Jun) Pan (editors), Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Fibers from Forest Biomass. ACS Symposium Series Volume 1067. American Chemical Society: Washington, DC; pp. 27-63.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.