Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (55 KB)

Title: Biodiversity in Finnish wilderness areas: Historical and cultural constraints to preserve species and habitats

Author: Sippola, Anna-Liisa;

Date: 2002

Source: In: Watson, Alan E.; Alessa, Lilian; Sproull, Janet, comps. Wilderness in the Circumpolar North: searching for compatibility in ecological, traditional, and ecotourism values; 2001 May 15-16; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-26. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 75-84.

Publication Series: Proceedings (P)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: The present status of species and habitats in Finnish wilderness areas is largely a consequence of past administrative, use, and management traditions in northern Finland. The existing wilderness legislation sets a framework for management, but historical uses and administrative decisions have influenced many prevailing practices. In addition, management of many uses is complicated by overarching legislation. The present wilderness legislation is a tradeoff between conservation aspects and both traditional and modern use forms, including reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, berry picking, forestry, mineral prospecting, and tourism. Many of these use forms have negative impacts on biodiversity. Forestry, which is allowed in restricted parts of wilderness areas, fragments areas and destroys habitats of oldgrowth forest species. Large reindeer populations have caused overgrazing in many areas. Heavy hunting pressure has caused the decline of capercaillie and black grouse populations, and increased tourism causes disturbance of animals and terrain. The constraints to preserve species and habitats are often related to the contradictory goals of different laws or complicated administrative structures. Hunting is an example of a use form where different organizations are responsible for monitoring of game populations, making recommendations for prey numbers, selling of licences, and law enforcement. Different values and attitudes also complicate conservation efforts. Conservation of large predators, for example, conflicts with the interests of reindeer herders, often leading to poaching. This paper examines both historical and cultural factors that affect the status of biodiversity in Finnish wilderness areas, and discusses possibilities to achieve commonly accepted goals and practices in biodiversity conservation.

Keywords: biodiversity, tourism, wilderness, conflict, collaboration, culture, traditional ecological knowledge

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Sippola, Anna-Liisa. 2002. Biodiversity in Finnish wilderness areas: Historical and cultural constraints to preserve species and habitats. In: Watson, Alan E.; Alessa, Lilian; Sproull, Janet, comps. Wilderness in the Circumpolar North: searching for compatibility in ecological, traditional, and ecotourism values; 2001 May 15-16; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-26. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 75-84.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.