You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Factors affecting wood energy consumption by U.S. households
Author: Song, Nianfu; Aguilar, Francisco X.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Goerndt, Michael E.;
Source: Energy Economics. 34: 389-397.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: About 23% of energy derived from woody sources in the U.S. was consumed by households, of which 70% was used by households in rural areas in 2005. We investigated factors affecting household-level wood energy consumption in the four continental U.S. regions using data from the U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey. To account for a large number of zero observations (i.e., households that do not burn wood), left-censored Tobit models were estimated. Urban/rural location is a key determinant of level of household wood energy consumption. Wood energy consumption elasticity with respect to non-wood energy price changes was 1.55 at the U.S. level, and a much higher 2.30 among rural households. While household wood energy consumption was affected primarily by non-wood energy price in rural areas, it was influenced mainly by household size and level of income in urban areas. Elasticity of wood energy consumption with respect to income can be positive or negative depending on household urban/rural location, region and income level. Newer houses were found to use less wood energy than older ones, and greater urbanization was found to have negative effect on wood energy use. Our findings suggest that policies reducing relative wood energy cost or increasing non-wood energy prices in the residential sector will result in greater wood energy consumption in the U.S. The effect of policies may vary by region and are likely to be more effective in U.S. rural areas and in the U.S. Midwest in particular.
Keywords: woody biomass, bioenergy, residential energy consumption, demand, Tobit
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
XML: View XML
Song, Nianfu; Aguilar, Francisco X.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Goerndt, Michael E. 2012. Factors affecting wood energy consumption by US households. Energy Economics. 34: 389-397.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility