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Title: Life-cycle inventory of manufacturing hardwood lumber in Southeastern US

Author: Bergman, Richard D. PhD; Bowe, Scott A.;

Date: 2012

Source: Wood and Fiber Science, 44(1), 2012, pp. 71-84; 2012

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Environmental impacts associated with the building industry have become of increasing importance. Materials and energy consumed during manufacture of building materials such as lumber affect a building’s environmental performance. This study determined environmental impacts of manufacturing hardwood lumber in the southeastern US using the life-cycle inventory method. Primary data were collected and then weight-averaged on a per-unit basis of 1.0 m3 of planed dry lumber (600 oven-dry kg/m3) to find material flows and energy use. Cumulative allocated energy consumption for manufacturing 1.0 m3 planed dry lumber from 2.44 m3 of incoming logs was 5.86 GJ/m3 with 66% from wood fuel. Emission data produced through modeling estimated total biomass and fossil carbon dioxide production of 424 and 131 kg/m3, respectively, considering all impacts. A cubic meter of planed dry hardwood lumber stores 1.17 Mg CO2 equivalents as a final product. The amount of carbon stored in hardwood lumber exceeds fossil carbon emissions by a factor of nine. Therefore, as long as hardwood lumber and its carbon stay in products held in end uses, carbon stored will exceed fossil carbon emitted in manufacturing. no package

Keywords: Life-cycle inventory, hardwood lumber, southeastern US, LCI, CORRIM, gate-to-gate, green building, manufacturing

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Bergman, Richard D.; Bowe, Scott A. 2012. Life-cycle inventory of manufacturing hardwood lumber in Southeastern U.S. Wood and Fiber Science 44(1): 71-84.


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