Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (385 KB bytes)

Title: Woody and herbaceous competition effects on the growth of naturally regenerated loblolly and shortleaf pines through 11 years

Author: Cain, Michael D.;

Date: 1997

Source: New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: About 67% of pine stands in the southeastern United States originated from natural seedfall (USDA Forest Service 1988), and this method of regeneration continues to be important for perpetuating the species. If midstory and overstory hardwoods are controlled and there is an adequate pine seed source, natural pine regeneration is a viable alternative to artificial regeneration for restocking cutover sites (Baker and Murphy 1982). The lower costs associ-ated with establishing natural pine regeneration can be particularly attractive to private, nonindustrial forest landowners (Cain and Bamett 1994a).

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Cain, Michael D. 1997. Woody and herbaceous competition effects on the growth of naturally regenerated loblolly and shortleaf pines through 11 years. New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.