Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (257 KB)

Title: Germination response of prairie dropseed and hairy goldaster to stratification and temperature

Author: Roemmich, Aurora R.; Butler, Jack L.; Larson, Gary E.; Turnipseed, E. Brent;

Date: 2012

Source: The Prairie Naturalist. 44(1): 30-38.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The unique vegetation assemblage of the Black Hills in conjunction with the frequent occurrence of natural and anthropogenic disturbances emphasizes the need to use locally adapted native species in a wide variety of restoration efforts. However, a general lack of information regarding germination and propagation requirements for most native plant species has restricted their usage. A better understanding of dormancy and germination patterns for native species will increase their availability and affordability. We selected two common native species, hairy goldaster (Heterotheca villosa) and prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis), to determine their optimum germination conditions. We hand harvested seeds during 2007-2009 for use in germination trials following two pre-treatment conditions (2-week stratification at 5° C and no stratification), under seven temperature treatments in 2009. We used tetrazolium (2, 3, 5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride) to determine germination potential of ungerminated seeds. Recognizing significant treatment interactions for both species, percent germination of hairy goldaster seeds was greatest under cooler constant temperatures (15° C or 20° C) with no stratification. Germination of prairie dropseed seeds was significantly influenced by the year in which seeds were collected, which also determined how the seeds responded to stratification. For both species, stratification significantly increased germination of at least one extreme of the temperature gradient (15° C or 30° C). Patterns of germination observed for both are consistent for species inhabiting grasslands and meadows with a fluctuating environment and subjected to moderate seasonal disturbances.

Keywords: Black Hills, germination, hairy goldaster, prairie dropseed, stratification treatment, temperature treatment

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Roemmich, Aurora R.; Butler, Jack L.; Larson, Gary E.; Turnipseed, E. Brent. 2012. Germination response of prairie dropseed and hairy goldaster to stratification and temperature. The Prairie Naturalist. 44(1): 30-38.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.