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Publication Information

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Title: Beyond naturalness: Adapting wilderness stewardship to an era of rapid global change

Author: Cole, David N.;

Date: 2012

Source: International Journal of Wilderness. 18(2): 9-14.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Climate change and its effects are writ large across wilderness landscapes. They always have been and always will be (see Figure 1). But contemporary change is different. For the first time, the pace and direction of climate change appear to be driven significantly by human activities (IPCC 2007), and this change is playing out across landscapes already affected by other anthropogenic stressors - pollution, invasive species, altered disturbance regimes, and land fragmentation (Cole, Millar, and Stephenson 2010). This raises serious questions about how wilderness stewards should respond to climate change and other anthropogenic stressors.

Keywords: wilderness, climate change

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Cole, David N. 2012. Beyond naturalness: Adapting wilderness stewardship to an era of rapid global change. International Journal of Wilderness. 18(2): 9-14.


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