Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (567 KB)

Title: Heat treatment of wet wood fiber: A study of the effect of reaction conditions on the formation of furfurals

Author: Tshabalala, Mandla A.; McSweeny, James D.; Rowell, Roger M.;

Date: 2012

Source: Wood Material Science & Engineering 0.0:1-7; 2012.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Furan monomers are produced when wood is heated at high temperatures. To understand the process conditions for production of furfural (FF) and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) from wood, samples of milled aspen wood were subjected to autohydrolyzis by microwave heating in a sealed Teflon reactor. The experiments were designed to simulate temperature and pressure variables of a fiberboard press and their effect on production of furans from the hemicelluloses that have the potential for promoting self-bonding of the wood fibers. The effect of a Lewis acid catalyst, AlCl3•6H2O on the formation of FF and HMF was also studied. The hydrolysates were analyzed for the liberated wood sugars and dehydration products, FF and HMF. The FF and HMF yields under autohydrolyzis conditions increased with increase in severity factor, CS. Under catalyzed hydrolyzis conditions, the FF yield decreased, while the HMF yield increased with increase in severity factor. Under catalyzed hydrolyzis conditions the FF yield decreased presumably due to degradation reactions including resin formation. The increase in HMF yield with increasing severity factor was most likely due to hydrolyzis of glucan from cellulose. These results suggest that FF and resin yields could be enhanced with the addition of a Lewis acid catalyst to the wood particles, but that process variables need to be controlled in order to avoid or minimize degradation of the wood cellulose.

Keywords: Aspen, autohydrolyzis, catalyzed hydrolyzis, Lewis acid catalyst, hemicelluloses, furfural, hydroxymethylfurfural

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Tshabalala, Mandla A.; McSweeny, James D.; Rowell, Roger M. 2012. Heat treatment of wet wood fiber: A study of the effect of reaction conditions on the formation of furfurals. Wood Material Science & Engineering. p. 1-7. DOI: 10.1080/17480272.2012.669406.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.