Title: The fundamental equation of eddy covariance and its application in flux measurements
Author: Gu, Lianhong; Massman, William J.; Leuning, Ray; Pallardy, Stephen G.; Meyers, Tilden; Hanson, Paul J.; Riggs, Jeffery S.; Hosman, Kevin P.; Yang, Bai;
Source: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 152: 135-148.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: A fundamental equation of eddy covariance (FQEC) is derived that allows the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) Ns of a specified atmospheric constituent s to be measured with the constraint of conservation of any other atmospheric constituent (e.g. N2, argon, or dry air). It is shown that if the condition [equation, see PDF] is true, the conservation of mass can be applied with the assumption of no net ecosystem source or sink of dry air and the FQEC is reduced to the following equation and its approximation for horizontally homogeneous mass fluxes: [equation, see PDF]. Here w is vertical velocity, c molar density, t time, h eddy flux measurement height, z vertical distance and [equation, see PDF] molar mixing ratio relative to dry air. Subscripts s, d and CO2 are for the specified constituent, dry air and carbon dioxide, respectively. Primes and overbars refer to turbulent fluctuations and time averages, respectively. This equation and its approximation are derived for non-steady state conditions that build on the steady-state theory of Webb, Pearman and Leuning (WPL; Webb et al., 1980. Quart. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 106, 85100), theory that is widely used to calculate the eddy fluxes of CO2 and other trace gases.
Keywords: fundamental equation of eddy covariance, WPL corrections, no net ecosystem source or sink of dry air, effective change in storage
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Gu, Lianhong; Massman, William J.; Leuning, Ray; Pallardy, Stephen G.; Meyers, Tilden; Hanson, Paul J.; Riggs, Jeffery S.; Hosman, Kevin P.; Yang, Bai. 2012. The fundamental equation of eddy covariance and its application in flux measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 152: 135-148.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility