Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (863 KB)

Title: Chapter 16 Lumen Modification

Author: Ibach, Rebecca E.; Rowell, Roger M.;

Date: 2012

Source: In: Second edition of the Handbood of wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, Chapter 16, Roger Rowell, Editor, by CRC Books, 2013. pp. 599-625.

Publication Series: Book Chapter

Description: When wood is vacuum impregnated with liquid vinyl monomers that do not swell wood, and then in situ polymerized either by chemical catalyst-heat, or gamma radiation, the polymer is located almost solely in the lumens of the wood. Figure 16.1 is a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph of unmodified wood showing open cells that are susceptible to indentation and wear. In contrast, Figure 16.2 is a micrograph of wood after impregnation and polymerization showing the voids filled with polymer that will resist indentation and wear.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Ibach, Rebecca E.; Rowell, Roger M. 2013. Lumen modifications. In: Rowell, Roger, ed. Handbood of wood chemistry and wood composites, Second edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press: 599-625. Chapter 16.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.