Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

Title: The effect of bark thickness on the effectiveness of Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymen: Eulophidae) and Atanycolus spp. (Hymen: Braconidae), two parasitoids of emerald ash borer (Coleop: Buprestidae)

Author: Abell, Kristopher J.; Duan, Jian J.; Bauer, Leah; Lelito, Jonathan P.; Van Driesche, Roy G.;

Date: 2012

Source: Biological Control. 63: 320-325.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Parasitoids have recently been introduced from Asia to aid in biological control in the United States of the invasive, highly damaging, emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis. Three introduced parasitoids have established and field biological studies are underway to improve our understanding of niche partitioning among them. Here we report one such investigation, a field experiment conducted to determine how outer bark thickness of ash trees might affect parasitism by one introduced (Tetrastichus planipennisi) and one native parasitoid (Atanycolus spp.). We found that T. planipennisi was unable to parasitize EAB larvae in trees with outer bark thicker than 3.2 mm(>11.2-cm DBH) whereas Atanycolus spp. parasitized EAB larvae in ash trees with outer bark up to 8.8 mm thick (>57.4-cm DBH). These results suggest that establishment of, and control by T. planipennisi at release sites with only large diameter trees is less likely, and that T. planipennisi will be more effective in stands with younger trees (<12-cm DBH). Releasing T. planipennisi near the leading edge of EAB invasion may have little impact on EAB populations if many ash trees are too large. We recommend releasing T. planipennisi in stands dominated by small, early successional or regenerating ash trees. This may maximize the establishment and effectiveness of this species. This limitation of T. planipennisi for biological control of emerald ash borer suggests that other EAB parasitoids from its native range with longer ovipositors, such as Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), should be sought and evaluated for possible use as EAB biocontrol agents in the US. The results of this study also suggest the importance of parasitoid guild introduction for biological control in general, and hint at possible broader implications relating to resource partitioning among native and introduced parasitoids.

Keywords: emerald ash borer, Tetrastichus planipennisi, Atanycolus, bark thickness, biological control

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Abell, Kristopher J.; Duan, Jian J.; Bauer, Leah; Lelito, Jonathan P.; Van Driesche, Roy G. 2012. The effect of bark thickness on the effectiveness of Tetrastichus planipennisi (Hymen: Eulophidae) and Atanycolus spp (Hymen: Braconidae), two parasitoids of emerald ash borer (Coleop: Buprestidae). Biological Control. 63: 320-325.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.