Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (127 KB)

Title: Domestic and Foreign Consequences of China's Land Tenure Reform on Collective Forests

Author: Zhang, H.; Buongiorno, Joseph; Zhu, Shu-shuai;

Date: 2012

Source: International Forestry Review 14(3):349-362

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Some of the long-term consequences of China’s collective forests tenure reform were projected with the Global Forest Products Model (GFPM). The reform had a positive effect on the wood supply and demand balance. By 2020 the reform led to a 14 to 36 percent decrease of China’s imports of industrial roundwood. Concurrently, the rest of the world produced less, but several other countries especially in Europe, imported more. Despite the positive short-term effect of the reform on supply, China’s industrial roundwood deficit was still increasing, but at a slower rate, after the reform was complete, due to the high demand induced by China’s fast growing economy. Furthermore, while the tenure reform on collective forests mitigated China’s timber shortage, it also decreased China’s forest stock, with adverse effects for biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Nevertheless, globally, this negative effect was compensated by a more than equal increase of forest stock in the rest of the world.

Keywords: China, land reform, economics, supply, demand, trade, GFPM

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Zhang, H.; Buongiorno, Joseph; Zhu, Shu-shuai. 2012. Domestic and foreign consequences of China’s land tenure reform on collective forests. International Forestry Review 14(3):349-362.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.