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Publication Information

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Title: Damage From Increment Borings in Bottomland Hardwoods

Author: Toole, E. Richard; Gammage, John L.;

Date: 1959

Source: Journal of Forestry 57(12):909-911

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: THIS PAPER REPORTS a study of the amount of stain and decay that developed from increment-borer holes in five species of bottomland hardwoods. Though the 0.2-inch holes made by conventional borers are often considered insignificant, it appears that they may result in serious defect.

Keywords: Quercus nuttallii Palmer, Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh, Celtis laevigata Willd, Liquidambar styraciflua L., Populus deltoides Bartr.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Toole, E. Richard; Gammage, John L. 1959. Damage From Increment Borings in Bottomland Hardwoods. Journal of Forestry 57(12):909-911.


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