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Title: Chapter 5:Biological Properties of Wood

Author: Ibach, Rebecca E.;

Date: 2013

Source: In: Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, second edition, CRC press. 2013. pp. 99-126.

Publication Series: Book Chapter

Description: There are numerous biological degradations that wood is exposed to in various environments. Biological damage occurs when a log, sawn product, or final product is not stored, handled, or designed properly. Biological organisms such as bacteria, mold, stain, decay fungi, insects, and marine borers depend heavily on temperature and moisture conditions to grow. Figure 5.1 gives the climate index for decay hazard for the United States of America. The higher the number means a greater decay hazard. The southeastern and northwest coasts have the greatest potential, and the southwest has the lowest potential for decay. This chapter will first focus on the biological organisms and their mechanism of degradation, and then prevention measures. If degradation cannot be controlled by design or exposure conditions, then protection with preservatives is warranted.

Keywords: biological, properties, wood

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Ibach, Rebecca E. 2013. Biological properties of wood. In: Rowell, Roger, ed. Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites, Second edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 99-126. Chapter 5.


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