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Title: Sulfite (SPORL) pretreatment of switchgrass for enzymatic saccharification
Author: Zhang, D.S.; Yang, Q.; Zhu, J.Y.; Pan, X.J.;
Source: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, 129 (2013) 127-134
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: SPORL (Sulfite Pretreatment to Overcome Recalcitrance of Lignocellulose) pretreatment was applied to switchgrass and optimized through an experimental design using Response Surface Methodology within the range of temperature (163–197 °C), time (3–37 min), sulfuric acid dosage (0.8–4.2% on switchgrass), and sodium sulfite dosage (0.6–7.4% on switchgrass). Performance of SPORL was compared with that of dilute acid (DA) and alkali (AL) in switchgrass pretreatment. Results indicated that SPORL pretreatment improved the digestibility of switchgrass through sufficiently removing hemicellulose, partially dissolving lignin, and reducing hydrophobicity of lignin by sulfonation. The removal of hemicellulose was more critical to substrate digestibility than the removal of lignin during SPORL pretreatment. SPORL pretreated switchgrass had better enzymatic digestibility than DA and AL pretreated ones. The SPORL pretreated switchgrass could be hydrolyzed by 83% within 48 h with 15 FPU (filter paper unit) cellulase and 30 CBU (cellobiose unit) β-glucosidase/g cellulose.
Keywords: Switchgrass, SPORL pretreatment, Dilute acid pretreatment, Alkali pretreatment, Enzymatic saccharification
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Zhang, D.S.; Yang, Q.; Zhu, J.Y.; Pan, X.J. 2013. Sulfite (SPORL) pretreatment of switchgrass for enzymatic saccharification. Bioresource Technology. 129: 127-134.
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