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Publication Information

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Title: Comparison of Germination and Viability Tests for Southern Hardwood Seed

Author: Bonner, F. T.; Gammage, J. L.;

Date: 1967

Source: Tree Planters' Notes 18(3):1-3

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: This paper summarizes a 3-year evaluation of 10 methods for testing germinability and viability of the seed of six species of southern hardwood. In five of the methods, the seeds were germinated. In the others, visual, biochemical, or physical properties were the criteria. Cutting tests were best for sweetgum and Nuttall oak seed, while cutting or water germination gave equally good results on sycamore seed. Floating was best for eliminating bad willow oak acorns, and floating combined with visual inspection of sunken acorns was best for cherrybark oak. No reliable test was discovered for green ash seed.

Keywords: germination, hardwood

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Bonner, F. T.; Gammage, J. L. 1967. Comparison of Germination and Viability Tests for Southern Hardwood Seed. Tree Planters' Notes 18(3):1-3.


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