Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.7 MB)

Title: Battling beech bark disease: establishment of beech seed orchards in Michigan

Author: Koch, Jennifer L.; Heyd, Robert L.;

Date: 2013

Source: Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society. 58 (1 & 2): 11-14.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Amidst the dead, dying, and deformed beech trees left in the wake of beech bark disease (BBD), we are fortunate to find beech trees that remain healthy even in heavily infested areas. In stands across several US states it has been reported that disease-free beech trees are often found in clusters, providing evidence that resistance could be a genetic trait. Trees located in close proximity are likely to be closely related - either clonally through root-sprouting or as full- or half-sib seedlings. BBD is initiated by feeding activities of the beech scale insect (Cryptococcus fagisuga Lind.), which create wounds that serve as entry points for Neonectria spp. of fungi. It is the fungal component of the disease complex that weakens and kills the tree. However, David Houston, retired US Forest Service plant pathologist and BBD research pioneer, demonstrated that beech trees that remained healthy despite intense BBD pressure failed to allow beech scale insects to establish even when eggs were directly affixed to the bark.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.



Koch, Jennifer L.; Heyd, Robert L. 2013. Battling beech bark disease: establishment of beech seed orchards in Michigan. Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society. 58 (1 & 2): 11-14.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.