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Title: Sediment associated with forest operations in the Piedmont region

Author: Brown, Kristopher R.; Aust, W. Michael; McGuire, Kevin J.;

Date: 2013

Source: In: Miller, Gary W.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Brooks, John R.; Grushecky, Shawn T.; Spong, Ben D.; Rentch, James S., eds. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2012 March 26-28; Morgantown, WV; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-117. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 220-234.

Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Reduced-impact forestry uses best management practices (BMPs) during operations to minimize soil erosion and sediment delivery to streams and to maintain or improve site productivity. However, the efficacy of specific types of BMP implementation is not widely documented. This review synthesizes recent research that investigated contemporary BMP implementation and effectiveness in water quality protection associated with the following forest management operations: forest roads and skid trails, streamside management zones, harvesting, site preparation, and stream crossings. The review concentrates on studies conducted in the Piedmont region of the eastern United States and facilitates integration and comparison with forestry BMP effectiveness research from the western United States. General results indicate that the most serious water quality issues are associated with bare soil conditions that are hydrologically connected to streams by roads, skid trails, or concentrated flows. Future research should determine sediment delivery ratios for forest road and skid trail approaches to stream crossings in order to develop and implement management strategies for minimizing sediment that has the highest probability of reaching the stream.

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Citation:


Brown, Kristopher R.; Aust, W. Michael; McGuire, Kevin J. 2013. Sediment associated with forest operations in the Piedmont region. In: Miller, Gary W.; Schuler, Thomas M.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Brooks, John R.; Grushecky, Shawn T.; Spong, Ben D.; Rentch, James S., eds. Proceedings, 18th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2012 March 26-28; Morgantown, WV; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-117. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 220-234.

 


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