Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (664 KB)

Title: Clonal growth and fine-scale genetic structure in tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus: Fagaceae)

Author: Dodd, Richard S.; Mayer, Wasima; Nettel, Alejandro; Afzal-Rafii, Zara.;

Date: 2013

Source: Journal of Heredity. 104(1):105–114

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The combination of sprouting and reproduction by seed can have important consequences on fine-scale spatial distribution of genetic structure (SGS). SGS is an important consideration for species’ restoration because it determines the minimum distance among seed trees to maximize genetic diversity while not prejudicing locally adapted genotypes. Local environmental conditions can be expected to influence levels of clonal spread and SGS, particularly in the case of disturbance regimes such as fire. Here, we characterize fine-scale genetic structure and clonal spread in tanoak from drier upland sites and more mesic lowland woodlands. Clonal spread was a significant mode of stand development, but spread was limited on average to about 5–6 m. Gene dispersal was decomposed into clonal and sexual components. The latter varied according to whether it was estimated from all ramets with the clonal component removed or for a single ramet per genet. We used the difference in these 2 estimates of gene dispersal as a measure of the effect of clonality on effective population size in this species. Although upland sites had a greater number of ramets per genet, most of the other indices computed were not significantly different. However, they tended to show greater heterozygote excess and shorter gene dispersal distances than the lowland sites. The average distance among inferred sibships on upland sites was approximately at the scale of maximum clonal range. This was not the case on lowland sites, where sibs were more dispersed. We recommend minimum distances among seed trees to avoid selecting clones and to maximize genetic diversity for restoration.

Keywords: clonal growth, effective population size, gene dispersal, genetic diversity, Notholithocarpus densiflorus, restoration

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Dodd, Richard S.; Mayer, Wasima; Nettel, Alejandro; Afzal-Rafii, Zara. 2013. Clonal growth and fine-scale genetic structure in tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus: Fagaceae). Journal of Heredity. 104(1):105–114.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.