Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (2.6 MB)

Title: Metagonimoides oregonensis (Heterophyidae:Digenea) Infection in pleurocerid snails and Desmognathus quadramaculatus salamander larvae in southern Appalachian streams

Author: Belden, Lisa K.; Peterman, William E.; Smith, Stephen A.; Brooks, Lauren R.; Benfield, E.F.; Black, Wesley P.; Yang, Zhaomin; Wojdak, Jeremy M.;

Date: 2012

Source: Journal of Parasitology. 98(4): 760-767

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Metagonimoides oregonensis (Heterophyidae) is a little-known digenetic trematode that uses raccoons and possibly mink as definitive hosts, and stream snails and amphibians as intermediate hosts. Some variation in the life cycle and adult morphology in western and eastern populations has been previously noted. In the southern Appalachians, Pleurocera snails and stream salamanders, e.g., Desmognathus spp., are used as intermediate hosts in the life cycle. We completed a series of studies in this system examining some aspects of larval trematode morphology and first and second intermediate host use. Molecular sequencing of the 28S rDNA of cercariae in our survey placed them clearly within the heterophyid family. However, light and scanning electron microscopy revealed both lateral and dorso-ventral finfolds on the cercariae in our region, whereas original descriptions of M. oregonensis cercariae from the west coast indicate only a dorso-ventral finfold, so further work on the systematics of this group may be warranted. A survey of first intermediate host, Pleurocera proxima, from 7 streams in the region identified only M. oregonensis, virgulate-type cercariae, and cotylomicrocercous-type cercariae in the streams, with M. oregonensis having the highest prevalence, and the only type present that use amphibians as second intermediate hosts. Based on clearing and staining of 6 Desmognathus quadramaculatus salamander larvae, we found that individual salamanders could have over 600 metacercariae, which form between muscle fibers throughout the body. Histological observations suggest that the metacercariae do not cause excessive tissue damage or inflammation, and likely persist through metamorphosis, thereby transmitting potentially large numbers of worms to definitive host raccoons foraging along streams.

Keywords: helminth-parasites, green frogs, megalodiscus-temperatus, procyon-lotor, united-states, life-cycle, tadpoles, host, platyhelminthes, transmission

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Belden, Lisa K.; Peterman, William E.; Smith, Stephen A.; Brooks, Lauren R.; Benfield, E.F.; Black, Wesley P.; Yang, Zhaomin; Wojdak, Jeremy M. 2012. Metagonimoides oregonensis (Heterophyidae:Digenea) Infection in pleurocerid snails and Desmognathus quadramaculatus salamander larvae in southern Appalachian streams. American Society of Parasitologists. Journal of Parasitology. 98(4): 760-767.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.