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Publication Information

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Title: Simulation analysis of a wildfire suppression system

Author: Pacheco, Abílio Pereira; Claro, João; Oliveira, Tiago.;

Date: 2013

Source: In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 36-49

Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Rekindles and false alarms are unusually high in the Portuguese wildfire management system, representing a high burden on suppression resources in particular, and fire management resources in general. In 20,049 occurrences that the suppression system handled in the summer of 2010, 12.5% were false alarms and 15.0% were rekindles. We present a discreteevent simulation model of a wildfire suppression system, designed to analyze the joint impact of primary fires, rekindles and false alarms on system performance. The work contributes to fill a research gap concerning that impact, and features a novel application of simulation to suppression systems, as screening tools to support more holistic analyses. The model was implemented in ®ARENA, and used for a study of a Portuguese district. We found that reducing false alarms and rekindles to benchmark values would significantly reduce pressure on firefighting teams, enabling more effective suppression operations.

Keywords: Arson, Discrete Event Simulation, False Alarm, Hoax Calls, Rekindles

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Pacheco, Abílio Pereira; Claro, João; Oliveira, Tiago. 2013. Simulation analysis of a wildfire suppression system. In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 36-49.

 


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