Title: Adaptive management of forest fires in periurban areas in the Federal District, Brazil: A case study from the Urubu Valley rural community
Author: Zacharias, Gabriel Constantino; de Andrade, Renata Marson Teixeira;
Source: In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 246-255
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: In a climate change scenario, where global warming increases the critical period of drought, the risk of wildfire is expected to increase. In the Federal District (DF) - Brazil, wildfire in periruban areas have economic, financial, environmental and public health significance, however it is poorly studied. Thus, one wonders if the DF is prepared to deal with the higher risk of wildfire in periurban areas as well as if a periurban community is able adapt to increasing risk of wildfire under climate change. This research presents a case study of the Urubu Valley Rural Community, located inside the Urubu Creek watershed, one of the largest rural community, more than 200 families, living only 10 km away from Brasilia-DF. We surveyed 40 families living in the Urubu Valley Rural Community, and measured their perception of environmental risk, in special wildfire risk, and adaptive and organizational capacity to cope with wildfire under climate change scenario. With this study, the community perceive that wildfire is high risk in many locations, in specially close to roads and public lands, and new real state development. This community perceives local nature very positively and values its environmental services (aesthetics, water supply, local climate and biodiversity); has great sense of belonging to the region and undertands the environmental risks they face under climate change. This perception has been attributed to the knowledge gained over the years due to local environmental activism: local environmental NGOs working in partnership with state and civil society organizations, such as environmental agency, universities and international NGOs dealing with climate change adaptation, led to the creation of a wide social network that supports the activities of wildfire prevention and combat in the Urubu Valley. The combination of risk perception, the capacity for mobilization and social networking were the key factors for implementing the first local wildfire risk management under climate change scenario in the Rural Community in the Urubu Valley, the first a periruban community to implement a wildlife prevention plan in this region. Finally, to improve the local wildfire risk management of the Urubu Valley Rural Community and allow the implementation of these standards in other periurban communities throughout the Brasilia-DF, we used the ISO31000 risk management guidelines and the Firewise Communities USA program's experience. We hope that improved local wildfire risk management allow environmental managers in Brasilia DF to implement a local wildlife risk plan as part of an adaptation to climate change plan in many periurban communities in Brazil.
Keywords: environmental risk perception, firewise communities, wildfire risk.
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Zacharias, Gabriel Constantino; de Andrade, Renata Marson Teixeira. 2013. Adaptive management of forest fires in periurban areas in the Federal District, Brazil: A case study from the Urubu Valley rural community. In: González-Cabán, Armando, tech. coord. Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: climate change and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-245 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 246-255.
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