Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (807 KB)

Title: Quantifying the production of dissolved organic nitrogen in headwater streams using 15N tracer additions

Author: Johnson, Laura T.; Tank, Jennifer L.; Hall, Robert O. Jr.; Mullholland, Patrick J.; Hamilton, Stephen K.; Valett, H. Maurice; Webster, Jackson R.; Bernot, Melody J.; McDowell, William H.; Peterson, Bruce J.; Thomas, Suzanne M.;

Date: 2013

Source: Limnology and Oceanography 58(4): 1271-1285

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Most nitrogen (N) assimilation in lake and marine ecosystems is often subsequently released via autochthonous dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) production, but autochthonous DON production has yet to be quantified in flowing waters. We measured in-stream DON production following 24 h 15N-nitrate (NO3-) tracer additions in 36 headwater streams, a subset of sites from the second Lotic Intersite Nitrogen eXperiment. Streams were located in five North American ecoregions and drained basins dominated by native vegetation, agriculture, or urban land use. Using a two-compartment model, we could quantify DON production in 15 streams as a function of DO15N derived from 15N tracer in biomass compartments. The streams with detectable DON production had higher % modified land use (agriculture + urban) in their basins than did streams with undetectable DON production. Median DON production represented 8% of total NO3- uptake when we used N biomass estimates based on N assimilated over 1 d (measured directly from the 15N additions). Median DON production was 17% of total NO3- uptake when we used N assimilated over 42 d (extrapolated from previous 15N tracer studies). Variation in DON production was positively correlated with ecosystem respiration, indicating that stream heterotrophy may influence DON production. In-stream DON production was similar in magnitude to stream denitrification and nitrification, indicating that the production of autochthonous DON can represent a substantial transformation of stream N. Our results confirm that headwater streams can quickly convert inorganic N into organic forms, although the ultimate fate of DON remains unclear.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Johnson, Laura T.; Tank, Jennifer L.; Hall Jr., Robert O.; Mullholland, Patrick J.; Hamilton, Stephen K.; Valett, H. Maurice; Webster, Jackson R.; Bernot, Melody J.; McDowell, William H.; Peterson, Bruce J.; Thomas, Suzanne M. 2013. Quantifying the production of dissolved organic nitrogen in headwater streams using 15N tracer additions. Limnology and Oceanography 58(4): 1271-1285. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1271.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.