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Title: The Management of Policy and Direction in the Forest Service
Author: Dravnieks, Daina; Valfer, Ernst; Stolins, Russel;
Source: Forest Service Publication
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication (MISC)
Description: Since Hamrnurabi, King of Babylon, established his famous code of rules in the 13th Century B.C., (and possibly even before then), institutions from kingdoms to businesses have instutionalized their code of behavior in more or less elaborate sets of written laws, rules, and regulations. This is so in spite of the fact that rules reduce flexibility and hence adaptiveness and creativity. But the benefits of insuring a more consistent mode of behavior and reduction of uncertainity in ever more complex societies have been found to outweigh their advantages. And so to we find that almost every business or public organization has a set of written rules ranging from partnership agreements to complete guides for decisionmaking in every facet of organizational life.
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Dravnieks, Daina; Valfer, Ernst; Stolins, Russel 1982. The Management of Policy and Direction in the Forest Service. USDA Forest Service Publication. Berkeley, CA: Management Sciences Staff. 198 p.
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